Since the urinary tract is responsible for moving waste material out of the body, it is perhaps not surprising that urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common of human infections. UTIs tend to be more common in women than men, with almost all females suffering from them at least once in their lifetime. In the United States, UTIs are responsible for more than ten million patient visits to health care providers or hospitals. In fact, they are second only to respiratory illnesses. Therefore, it is important for medical professionals to know the causes and treatment.